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Strelitzia reginae

   (Family: Strelitziaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Geel Piesang English: Crane flower, Bird of Paradise Flower  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 2m
Special properties:
  Drought Resistant (light)
  Has Medicinal Uses
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred rainfall: Summer
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
 
pH: neutral
 
Flowering time EDIT
    x x x x x x x x x  
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Orange
 
Blue
 
  Polinator
  Birds
  Flower info
  3 brilliant orange sepals and 3 bright blue petals
 
 
 
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
 
 
 
 
  Seed info EDIT
 
 
 
Description EDIT
Tufted, evergreen, acaulescent (stemless) perennial herb up to 1,5 m tall and 2 m in diameter.
Growing EDIT
Distribution EDIT
Occurs naturally only in South Africa: eastern coast, from Humansdorp to northern KwaZulu-Natal in coastal bush and thicket. It grows along river banks in full sun, however sometimes it occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade.
History EDIT
Uses EDIT
It has been reported that the abakwaMthethwa clan in KwaZulu-Natal use the strained decoctions from the inflorence to treat inflamed glands and venereal diseases. The seeds are also used in the Cape to sour milk. Delphinidin-3-rutinoside (used for colour) has been isolated from the petals and proanthoncyanidin polymers (flavonoids, antioxidants) from the leaves. Strelitzia reginae is widely used in landscaping as an architectural plant and focal point.
Ecology EDIT
Bees are common visitors when the spathe is in flower. Sunbirds may be the pollinator, but this has still to be proven. The role of sunbirds in Strelitzia pollination needs to be investigated, as they have been observed “robbing” the flowers by taking nectar but by-passing the pollination mechanism. Birds eat and disperse the seed.
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