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Strelitzia juncea

   (Family: Strelitziaceae)
   
English: Crane flower, Narrow-Leafed Bird of Paradise  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 1 - 2m
Special properties:
  Drought Resistant (heavy)
  Frost Tolerant (light)
Rarity Status:
Vulnerable
   
Preferred rainfall: Summer
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Sand (coarse texture, drains easily),
Clay (fine texture, holds a lot of water)
Biome: Fynbos
 
Flowering time EDIT
        x x x x x x    
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Orange
 
Yellow
 
Purple
Flower type
 
  Polinator
  Sunbirds mainly and sugarbirds
  Flower info
  Large orange or yellow flowers borne on long, cylindrical scapes from May to October.
 
 
Leaf margin
Leaf type
Leaf texture Smooth
 
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  Upright needle-like leaves
 
 
Sow seeds in Spring
 
 
Seed colour
Black
  Seed size Length: 0.5mm   Width: 0.5mm
  Seed info EDIT
  Before sowing, remove the bright orange tuft of hairs attached to the seed.
 
 
Description EDIT
Evergreen perennial shrub with pointed leaves, and a smaller growth habit than the regular Bird of Paradise.

Flowers are similar but smaller to those of Strelitzia reginae with bright orange sepals and a blue tongue.
Growing EDIT
Plant in good, well-composted soil and water regularly. Grow in a position which gets at least half-day sun - full sun is preferable, if the plant is to flower well. They can also be grown in areas which have light to moderate frost if they are planted in a protected position. Wind resistant, making them most useful for coastal gardens.

They are amazingly drought resistant, yet do equally well in moist, tropical gardens. Resent disturbance and really only flower well when established. If this must be done, do it in early spring.

Don't make too many divisions form a single specimen as they will take a long time to re-establish and flower again.

May also be propagated from seed sown when ripe; set out the young plants about 1.5 metres apart.
Distribution EDIT
South African endemic, mainly Eastern Cape, Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage and Patensie.

Succulent thicket.
History EDIT
Uses EDIT
A handsome feature plant in the landscape.
Ecology EDIT
Attracts Birds & Butterflies.

Threatened by industrial development in the past and ongoing at Coega, also harvested for horticultural purposes and threatened by invasive alien plants at a number of subpopulations.
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