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Salvia chamelaeagnea

   (Family: Lamiaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Bloublomsalie, Afrikaanse salie, Bloublommetjiesalie English: Rough Blue Sage  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 0.9 - 2m
Spread: 0.9 - 1.2m
Special properties:
  Drought Resistant (heavy)
  Has Medicinal Uses
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred rainfall: Winter
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Sand (coarse texture, drains easily)
pH: neutral
Biome: Fynbos
 
Flowering time EDIT
x x x x x           x x
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
White
 
Purple
 
Pink
 
Blue
Flower shape
 
  Polinator
  Bees
  Flower info
  The flowers are held in thick whorls and take up the top third of each stem or branch, where the flowers are held on small branchlets extending up from the main stem. The corolla, or flower, colour can range from blue, mauve, pink or white. The most common corolla colour is blue for the top lobe and white on the lower lobe, leading to the common name Rough Blue Sage. The large calyx is a reddish purple colour and is also covered in hairs and dotted with glands. The mauve blue flowers are bunched together with the calyces held in amongst the flowers creating an interesting contrast.
 
 
Leaf arrangement
Leaf texture Rough
 
  Leaf scent
  Very strong scent
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  Leaves are formed opposite each other along the stems or on short side branches, and often grow in tufts. The bright green leaves are slightly hairy and sometimes the edges are toothed. The leaves are dotted with glands that release a strong scent when touched and leave a sticky residue on fingers.
 
 
 
  Seed info EDIT
 
 
 
Description EDIT
A dense shrub, growing almost 2 metres high, with many strong, upright stems. The stems are square- shaped, a typical feature of the family Lamiaceae.

Bears light violet-blue flowers with pale lower lips and white throats, also found in mauve and pink to pure white.
Growing EDIT
For best results, these plants require full sun, well-drained, good garden soil and regular water, especially in winter.

Cut back after flowering to keep them tidy and vigorous.

Salvia chamelaeagnea can be propagated from seed or cuttings. Sow the seeds in spring in a seed tray filled with a well-drained medium. The young seedlings grow fast and can be planted into individual containers as soon as they are big enough to handle. They respond well to organic fertilizers and can be planted out as soon as the roots are nice and strong. The tips of the stems can be pinched to form bushy plants. Seedlings flower from a year to 18 months after sowing. To get a selected colour form it is best to propagate the salvia from cuttings. These can be made from the young shoots which form at the bottom of the plant in spring and early summer.
Distribution EDIT
South western Cape.
Found growing in sandy soils in open fields and streambeds.
History EDIT
This sage was first described in 1767 and its Latin name means "dwarf olive."
Uses EDIT
Used for a wide variety ailments such as coughs, colds, diarrhea, colic, heartburn and flatulence. A tea, to be sipped slowly a few times a day, is usually made from the fresh or dried leaves and flowers.
Ecology EDIT
The 2-lipped flower has adapted a very interesting shape for pollination. The bottom lip forms a platform for insects, such as bees, to alight upon while collecting nectar. The anthers and stigma, protected by the hooded top lip of the flower, protrude just enough for the hinged anthers to move down to deposit their pollen and the curved stigma to collect pollen from the back of a visiting bee.
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