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Pavetta lanceolata

   (Family: Rubiaceae)
Afrikaans: treurbruidsbos, bruidsbos English: bridal bush, Christmas bush, Weeping Bride's-bush Xhosa: umhleza, ilitoba, umgonogono, umphonyana  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Tree
Tree No.: 718
Height: 5 - 7m
Special properties:
  Drought Resistant (light)
  Frost Tolerant (light)
Rarity Status:
Preferred rainfall: Summer
Preferred altitude: 500 - 800m
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Loam (gritty, moist, and retains water easily),
Clay (fine texture, holds a lot of water),
Sand (coarse texture, drains easily)
Biome: Forest
Flowering time EDIT
x               x x x x
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
Flower shape
  Flower scent EDIT
  Faintly scented
  Flower info
  Masses of flowers are borne at the ends of the branches. The calyx has a short tube with four short, acute lobes. The corolla is tubular below, 4-lobed above with the lobes held rectangular to the tube, pure white, but the very tips of the lobes are green when freshly opened and sweetly scented. The stamens are exserted, placed between the corolla lobes, greenish, turning yellow and finally black with age. The style is long exserted and greenish, turning black with age.
Leaf shape EDIT
Leaf margin
Leaf type
Leaf arrangement
Leaf texture Waxy
Bark / Stem type
  Leaf scent
  spicy potato smell when crushed
  Leaf info EDIT
  The leaves are decussate, elliptic, apex acute, base cuneate (wedge-shaped), margins entire, dark green, shiny and leathery, with bacterial nodules scattered all over the surface of the leaves
Fruit type EDIT
Fruit colour
  Seeds per fruit 1
  Seed info EDIT
  Numerous small, pea-like drupes, initially green, turning black with maturity, develop from about February and stay on the plants till about July (August). The fruits are crowned by the persistent calyx lobes and contain one or rarely two, small, hard, spherical seeds.
Description EDIT
An evergreen tree or shrub, up to 7m high.
The plant has a rounded, weeping habit.
Masses of flowers are borne at the ends of the branches from as early as September to January, but the peak flowering time is during November and December.
Growing EDIT
Seedlings transplant fairly well. They need a lot of water initially. Once established, they will tolerate full sun and some drought. Plants cultivated from seed grow slowly initially.
Distribution EDIT
It's a shrub of rocky hillsides, rock outcrops and forest margins from just inland of the coast to the midland altitudes of about 500 -800 metres about sea level.
Fairly common in the summer rainfall areas of South Africa.
Its natural distribution is from the Transkei and Eastern Cape, through KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga into Swaziland.
It also occurs in southern Mozambique.

It often grows in association with other bushes in bush clumps, on forest margins and river banks.
History EDIT
This densely leafy, evergreen plant can be effectively used as a hedge or screen.
Ecology EDIT
The sweetly scented flowers attract many pollinators such as birds, bees, wasps, beetles and ants. These in turn attract birds and other predators. Birds love the fruits and these are obviously distributed by birds.

Birds distribute the seeds, but fruits falling from the trees also germinate quite easily and one will soon find lots of seedlings under trees and bushes where they have been deposited by the birds.
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