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Olinia emarginata

   (Family: Oliniaceae)
Afrikaans: Berghardpeer English: Mountain hard pear  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Tree
Special properties:
  Frost Tolerant (heavy)
Rarity Status:
Preferred rainfall: Summer
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Flowering time EDIT
                x x x x
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
  Flower scent EDIT
  Slightly fragrant
  Flower info
  Clusters of tiny, pale to dark pink flowers. Flowers are in loose, axillary heads that are usually more than half as long as the leaves.
Leaf shape EDIT
Leaf margin
Leaf arrangement
Leaf texture Smooth
Bark / Stem type
  Leaf scent
  Faint smell of almonds when crushed, indicating the release of cyanide.
  Leaf info EDIT
  The leaves are glossy dark green above, pale green and dull below, they are hairless. The leaves are opposite, simple, entire-margined, oblong to lanceolate. The tip of the leaves is rounded, notched and is usually tinged with pink or red.
Fruit colour
  Seed info EDIT
  Clusters of small round fruit which turn red in autumn and hang on the tree until well into winter.
Description EDIT
Small to medium-sized evergreen tree, which makes for an attractive garden ornamental.

It can be a single- or multi-stemmed tree, with glossy green foliage, which forms a nice round crown.
It has a straight, smoothish, grey or creamy-white trunk, sometimes mottled or marked with orange.
Growing EDIT
This tree is fast growing and frost tolerant.

This is a very difficult species to propagate, from either seed or cuttings. Numerous techniques have been tried, with air layering giving the best results. Seed can be sown in a 1:1 mixture of river sand and compost. Germination is erratic and can take up to nine months. Do not allow the mixture to dry out at any stage. Olinia emarginata can withstand frost, but not drought.

Plant in fertile well-drained soil that contains plenty of compost, and water regularly especially when young.
Distribution EDIT
Originates in Kwazulu Natal, the Drakensberg and Gauteng Provinces, where it is fairly wide spread. It grows in mountain forests, in kloofs and in gullies, protected wooded ravines and riverine fringes and occasionally on rocky hill slopes in high-altitude grasslands.
History EDIT
Fast-growing, neat ornamental, with non-aggressive root system. Makes an excellent hedge, screen or windbreak.
Ecology EDIT
Fuits are singled out by fruit-eating birds such as the Crested Barbet, Bush Blackcap, African Green and Rameron Pigeons, Speckled and Redfaced Mousebirds, bulbuls and louries.
Member Comments
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25 August 2013 11:26
Do you have Olinia emarginata in stock?
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