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Markhamia obtusifolia

   (Family: Bignoniaceae)
   
English: Golden bean tree, Golden bell-bean Sotho: Mupfeya  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Tree
Height: 15m
Special properties:
  Has Medicinal Uses
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred altitude: 0 - 1300m
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Sand (coarse texture, drains easily)
 
Flowering time EDIT
x x x x x x         x x
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Yellow
 
Red
Flower shape
Flower type
 
  Flower info
  Flowers in branched, terminal panicles, showy, golden yellow with reddish stripes on the lower corolla lobes
 
 
Leaf shape EDIT
Leaf texture Hairy
 
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  Leaves with 3-5 pairs of oblong-elliptic leaflets and a terminal leaflet, densely covered in golden hairs when young, woolly below.
 
 
Fruit colour
Brown
Yellow
Fruit size Length: 600mm   Width: 30mm
 
  Seed info EDIT
  Produces slim long pods up to 60×3 cm in size. Pods are yellow-brown and velvety. Produces fruit from January to September
 
 
Description EDIT
Shrub or small slender tree to 15 m.
Growing EDIT
Can be propagated from seed, wildlings, or cuttings.
Fairly fast growing.
Prefers well-drained soils, but is found on a variety of types.
Distribution EDIT
Grows in lowlands and highlands, from open woodland to dune scrub
History EDIT
Uses EDIT
Has good potential for agroforestry in the highlands and Miombo woodlands. It can be grown with crops on farmland, and inside and along farm boundaries.

The root is boiled and used to treat backaches, body pains, and to relieve stomach gas. Uses that have been cited in the literature include: treatment for scrofula, hookworm and snakebites with root powder; chewing roots to treat convulsions in children; and boiled roots, bark and leaves used as an inhalant (Westman Draft). The leaves are also used to tell fortunes.

The wood is whitish, heavy, and durable. It is used for furniture, poles, in the construction of local houses, and tool handles.
Ecology EDIT
Both leaves and fruit are eaten by goats.
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