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Loxostylis alata

   (Family: Anacardiaceae)
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Plant Type: EDIT  Tree
Tree No.: 365
Height: 6m
Special properties:
  Frost Tolerant (light)
Rarity Status:
Preferred rainfall: Summer
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Biome: Forest
Flowering time EDIT
x x                 x x
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
  Flower scent EDIT
  Pleasantly scented
  Flower info
  The flowers are male or female, on different trees. The male flowers are white and pleasantly scented and the female flowers are greenish white. The petals of the female flowers fall soon, but their sepals enlarge substantially and turn pink-red, covering the developing fruit and creating a very attractive display.
Leaf arrangement
Leaf texture Smooth
  Leaf info EDIT
  The leaves are alternate and compound with 2 to 5 pairs of leaflets, including a terminal leaflet. Typical of the species is the conspicuous winged rachis (midrib). The specific name is based on the Latin alatus meaning 'winged'. Young leaves are red.
  Seed info EDIT
Description EDIT
This is a very attractive small tree or large shrub for gardens. It is also useful for screening and boundary plantings. It grows to 6 m or higher in favorable conditions, but can form a large, dense shrub.
Growing EDIT
Seeds germinate easily, but often transplant poorly. Avoid disturbing the rootball when planting out young trees. This is a fast growing tree and it will tolerate mild frost.
Distribution EDIT
Occurs in the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.
It occurs along forest margins, beside rivers and on outcrops of quartz and sandstone.
History EDIT
The name Loxostylis is derived from the Greek loxos meaning 'crooked' or 'oblique', and the Latin stylis for style, a reference to the lateral attachment of the style to the ovary. The common name tarwood presumably refers to the oily residue from the fruits, which has probably been used as or compared to the wagon grease of the pioneers of the past. The name 'tierhout' is a mystery and probably due to a spelling mistake. Some writers suggest it may refer to the strength of the wood, but this is not particularly strong. The other suggestion is that leopards (tiers) liked to sharpen their claws on the bark.
Ecology EDIT
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