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Hibiscus calyphyllus

   (Family: Malvaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Wildestokroos English: Lemon-yellow rosemallow, Sun hibiscus, Pondoland Hibiscus  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 3m
Special properties:
  Frost Tolerant (light)
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred rainfall: Winter
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Biome: Thicket
 
Flowering time EDIT
x x x x                
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Yellow
Flower type
 
  Polinator
  Butterflies
  Flower info
  flowers are lemon-yellow, large, up to 100 mm in diameter, with a deep red to blackish centre. Flowers repeatedly, the flowers lasting for a reasonable amount of time. Flowering time: all year round, but mainly from January to April.
 
 
 
 
Leaf size 050mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  Leaves are large, up to 50 mm in diameter, light green, soft and velvety.
 
 
Fruit type EDIT
 
  Seed info EDIT
  The fruit is a papery capsule that splits open to reveal hairy to hairless seeds.
 
 
Description EDIT
A dense, perennial, rounded shrub up to 3 m high with large lemon-yellow flowers with a deep red to blackish centre.
Growing EDIT
It is relatively frost tolerant, requires a moderate amount of water and prefers warm to cooler areas.

It is a relatively fast-growing plant, providing that it is planted in fertile, rich and well-drained soil. Enrich the soil with a considerable amount of compost and organic material. The soil pH should range from mildly acidic (6.1 to 6.5) to neutral (6.6 to 7.5). Prune the shrub towards the end of summer.

This plant can be propagated by way of herbaceous stem cuttings or from seed, which should be sown directly after the last cold period. Allow the seedheads to dry on the plants, then remove them and collect the seed.
Distribution EDIT
Occuts open bush, thickets and forests, often also found along rivers.
Natural distribution stretches from the Eastern Cape in South Africa to tropical East Africa and Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands.
History EDIT
The name Hibiscus is derived from the Greek word for marshmallow.
Uses EDIT
In addition to being a popular garden subject, Hibiscus calyphyllus is apparently also a source of food in the Okavango Delta, where the flowers are cooked and eaten when there is a shortage of food.
Ecology EDIT
The pollen in the large flowers attracts insect pollinators such as butterflies, which in turn will lure insectivorous birds such as barbets, robins and flycatchers to the garden.

Certain species of moth and butterfly larvae are known to feed on various Hibiscus species. This includes the Arrow Sphinx moth ( Lophostethus dumolinii) and Koppie Charaxes (Charaxes jasius saturnus) butterfly.
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