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Haemanthus coccineus

   (Family: Amaryllidaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Misryblom English: April Fool, Blood flower  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Bulb
Height: 0.1 - 0.4m
Spread: 0.4m
Special properties:
  Drought Resistant (heavy)
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred rainfall: Winter
Preferred altitude: 0 - 1200m
Preferred position:
Full Sun
 
Flowering time EDIT
x x x x x              
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Red
 
Pink
Flower shape
Flower type
 
  Flower info
  Flowers bright red in compact umbel, spathe bracts erect, overlapping, bright red, stiff and fleshy. From Greek: haema, blood; anthos, flower; = red colour of flowers. coccinea = deep red
 
 
Leaf type
Leaf arrangement
Leaf texture Smooth
 
 
Leaf size 25 - 210mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Deciduous
  Leaves usually 2, dry at flowering, suberect to prostrate, tongue-shaped, 25-210mm wide, fleshy, smooth or hairy, barred with maroon or dark green beneath, sometimes on whitish background, the margin often rolled back.
 
 
Fruit type EDIT
 
  Seed info EDIT
  Fruit a soft, translucent berry.
 
 
Description EDIT
Bulbous perennial, 6-20cm. Flowering in autumn, its scarlet spathe valves make it a striking plant.

The plant is deciduous, winter growing but sometimes leafs out in late summer.

Plants variable in size, to 40cm high. Bulbs with thick, cream tunics. Speckled and barred stout flowering stem.

It is a gregarious species and can be found in clumps of hundreds, from the shelter of bushes on flat ground to shady ravines and rocks.
Growing EDIT
It is an adaptable species growing in a wide range of soils derived from sandstones, quartzites, granites, shales and limestones, and will survive annual rainfall ranging from 100mm to 1 100mm. Changing altitude does not seem to stress it unduly, and it can be found from coastal dunes to 1 200m mountains.
Distribution EDIT
This species is found widely distributed in the winter-rainfall area of South Africa, in the Western Cape Province and north into Namibia, and east beyond Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape Province as far as the Keiskamma river valley.
Grows on coastal scrub and high up on quartzite mountains around seasonal watercourses.
History EDIT
Uses EDIT
Ecology EDIT
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