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Freylinia helmei

   (Family: Scrophulariaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Klokkiesbos English: Bell bush  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 2.5m
Rarity Status:
Vulnerable
   
Preferred rainfall: Winter
Preferred altitude: 200 - 300m
Preferred position:
Full Sun
 
Flowering time EDIT
              x x x x  
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
White
 
Cream
 
Purple
Flower shape
 
  Polinator
  Sunbirds
  Flower info
  Beautiful subpendulous to pendulous white through cream to pale purple flowers
 
 
Leaf shape EDIT
 
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  Elliptical to linear-elliptical leaves are often twisted sideways
 
 
Fruit type EDIT
 
  Seed info EDIT
  The seed capsules ripen from late summer and split open releasing flat, winged seeds, which are dispersed by wind.
 
 
Description EDIT
A very attractive, erect, branched, evergreen, woody shrub that grows to a height of 2.5 m. The beautiful subpendulous to pendulous white through cream to pale purple flowers add to the attractiveness of the plant.
Growing EDIT
Distribution EDIT
Freylinia helmei is endemic to a small area in the Caledon region, some 13 km north of a small village called Botrivier. It occurs on various farms west of the road R43, east of the Bot River and north of the national road, the N2 highway. The bell bush grows in renosterveld on steep south and southeast-facing shale slopes, too steep to plough, at altitudes of 200-300 m. The plant receives rainfall in winter that ranges from 300-400 mm per year.
History EDIT
The genus Freylinia was named after Count L. de Freylino who owned a famous garden in Buttigliera near Marengo in Italy in the early 19 th century. The species name helmei is named in honour of Nick Helme, who together with Kristal Maze discovered the plant during field work for the Botanical Society Cape Lowlands Project.
Uses EDIT
Ecology EDIT
Well adapted to fire. The bell bush has a lignotuber (woody, swollen, underground stem ) that is adapted to survive a fire. This root system allows the plant to resprout with new growth after fire. The other Freylinia species are also subject to occasional fires after which they resprout.

The beautiful tubular flowers are pollinated by sunbirds.
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