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Erica chloroloma

   (Family: Ericaceae)
English: Red Heath, Green-tipped Heath  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 1 - 1.5m
Spread: 1 - 1.5m
Rarity Status:
Preferred rainfall: Winter
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Biome: Fynbos
Flowering time EDIT
    x x x              
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
Flower shape
  Flower info
  The beautiful crimson and green flowers grow in clusters at the ends of the young shoots, or little downy nodding pedicels, which bear in their middle a pair of small narrow bractlets. The calyx is green and leafy, and has four narrow erect obtuse smooth segments. The corolla is six lines long, cylindrical, bright crimson. The anthers have each a short, smooth awn at the base, and are just enclosed within the tube of the corolla. The ovary is smooth, and produced at the very base into eight short green tubercles.
Leaf shape EDIT
Leaf margin
Leaf texture Smooth
Bark / Stem type
Leaf size 2 - 5mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Small green needle like leaves about 5 mm long, grow in fives, and are nearly erect. They are mostly hard and the edges rolled under.
Fruit type EDIT
  Seed info EDIT
  The fruit is a swollen capsule, and interestingly store their seeds in the soil.
Description EDIT
An erect and graceful bush, with reddish brown downy branches and beautiful crimson tubular flowers.
Growing EDIT
Propagated easily from cuttings. When a duplicate can be spared it may be put into a propagating house where a little artificial heat; in a short time it will send vigorous shoots which will form excellent cuttings.
The latter may be taken off, inserted in the cutting-pot, and placed under a bell-glass in a cool green house.
When the cuttings are sufficiently well rooted, which will be known by their beginning to grow vigorously be potted in "sixty" pots and placed upon a shelf heath-house where they are fully exposed to light and air.
After they are a few inches high and growing well, the top should be cut or pinched out which will cause them to branch and become bushy.

The season preferred by heath-growers for propagating is the spring, as soon as wood obtained for the purpose. The best soil for heaths is peat mixed naturally with sand. Where peat cannot be procured in this state, sand must be added to it.

No plants are more liable than heaths to suffer from neglect or mismanagement; especially in watering. Either too much water is given or too little, and the one is as bad as the other. To remedy this some distinguished cultivators mix small pieces of free stone with the soil; and raise the ball of the plant a little at every shifting, so that it is higher in the centre of the pot or tub than round the edges.
Before large and handsome specimens can be grown and preserved these precautions are absolutely necessary.
Distribution EDIT
Eastern Cape and Western Cape of South Africa.
Wilderness to the Fish River Mouth.
History EDIT
Ecology EDIT
Erica chloroloma populations continue to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as competition from unmanaged alien invasive plants.
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  • Edwards's botanical register, or ornamental flower garden and shrubbery, Volume 24 (  


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