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Clivia gardenii

   (Family: Amaryllidaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Boslelie English: Major Garden's Clivia Zulu: umayime  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 0.6m
Special properties:
  Drought Resistant (light)
  Has Medicinal Uses
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred rainfall: Summer
Preferred position:
Shade
 
Flowering time EDIT
                       
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Orange
 
Green
 
Yellow
Flower shape
 
  Flower info
  Slender, tubular flowers which hang downwards in the inflorescence. The flowers are orange in colour, the petals tipped with green.
 
 
Leaf shape EDIT
 
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
 
 
 
Fruit colour
Red
 
  Seed info EDIT
  Bright red fleshy berries follow the flowers and are eaten by birds.
 
 
Description EDIT
Major Garden's clivia has slender, tubular flowers which hang downwards in the inflorescence. The flowers are orange in colour, the petals tipped with green.
Like all Clivia, Major Garden's clivia grows in the shade of forests and is a clump forming perennial plant which, although slow growing, can attain a great age.
Growing EDIT
If planted in very deep shade, flowering may be adversely affected. Clivia also do not thrive in sunny conditions, becoming yellow and stunted. They should be planted in a shady position with plenty of compost and bone-meal added to the soil.

Propagation may be through division or by seed. Clumps can be split up in late winter and replanted or bagged. Seed should be cleaned as soon as it is harvested. The fleshy pulp is peeled off revealing the large, pearly seed within (Please note that Clivia belong to the family Amaryllidaceae of which many species are poisonous and it is advisable to wash your hands after handling the plants). These should be sown immediately in a deep seed-tray with seedling mix. The large seeds can be pressed gently into the seedling mix until they are flush with the surface and then covered lightly with sieved mix . If the seedling mix is too tightly packed in the tray, the young root will not be able to penetrate it and will lift the seedling right out of the soil. The medium should not be allowed to dry out and since germination is relatively slow, the seed trays should be monitored for signs of algal or fungal growth on the surface.
Distribution EDIT
Originating mostly from Kwazulu-Natal.
History EDIT
Derivation of Name
Clivia - after the Duchess of Northumberland, Lady Charlotte Clive who first cultivated and flowered the type specimen in England.
gardenii - after Major Robert Garden, who was stationed in KwaZulu Natal as a soldier between 1848 - 1853.
Uses EDIT
Some Clivia species are used traditionally for the treatment of childbirth complications and also snakebite, however there are findings that the chemical constituents in Clivia rhizomes (the parts used) are dangerous and should be avoided for medicinal purposes.
Ecology EDIT
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