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Chascanum cernuum

   (Family: Acanthaceae)
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 0.3 - 0.6m
Rarity Status:
Preferred altitude: 500 - 2000m
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Sand (coarse texture, drains easily)
Flowering time EDIT
          x x          
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
Flower shape
Flower type
  Flower info
  Raceme puberulous, 50-75mm long, bearing numerous white flowers; bracts linear-lanceolate, acute, glabrous or sparsely puberulous, with ciliate margins, 3 lin. long, about 1 lin. broad; bracteoles subulate, ciliate, 1 lin. long; calyx-tube 5-toothed, glabrous without, minutely puberulous within, 3 1/2–4 lin. long; teeth subequal, triangular-subulate, ciliate, 1/2 lin. long; corolla-tube curved, glabrous without, softly hairy in the throat, about 3/4 in. long; lobes oblong, obtuse, glabrous, 2 lin. long; filaments glandular-puberulous
Leaf shape EDIT
Leaf margin
Leaf type
Leaf arrangement
Bark / Stem type
Leaf size 10 - 20mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Leaves whorled, rarely opposite, crowded, imbricate, sessile, oblong, cuneate and entire towards the base, acutely 3–7-toothed at the rounded apex, thick, coriaceous, puberulous on the midrib beneath near the base, otherwise glabrous, punctate-glandular, 10-20mm long, 3–5 lin. broad.
  Seed info EDIT
  Fruit oblong, black when ripe, 1 1/2–2 lin. long, 1–1 1/4 lin. broad, with the posterior face strongly curved, longitudinally grooved and finely reticulate; areole on the anterior face, oblong, surrounded by an entire bevelled margin, about 1 1/2 lin. long.
Description EDIT
A low much branched undershrub, 300-600mm high.
Bears small white or mauve flowers.
Growing EDIT
Can be propagated from cuttings taken at any time of the year.
Take cuttings of between 40–70mm long and dip them in rooting hormone powder which will aid the formation of roots. Use 1:1 ratio polystyrene and bark mixture as a rooting medium. Place cuttings in a mist unit with a heated bench. They root fairly easily and by week 2–3 roots will have formed on most cuttings. Remove the cuttings from the mist unit and place in an area where they can be hardened-off for up to two weeks. The cuttings will now be ready for potting-on. Feed regularly until they are of a good, healthy size. Pinching back will help ensure a good-looking, bushy shrublet.

Grows best in full sun or light shady conditions.
Distribution EDIT
In the coastal regions of the Cape, it has been found in Simonstown, on rocky places on the hills behind Fish Hoek and at Smitswinkel Bay.
Also in Caledon, Riversdale and Uitenhage.
History EDIT
Ideally suited as a herbaceous border.
Ecology EDIT
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