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Cannabis sativa

   (Family: Cannabaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Dagga English: Marijuana Xhosa: umya  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 4m
Special properties:
  Has Medicinal Uses
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred position:
Full Sun
 
Flowering time EDIT
                       
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Cream
 
Yellow
 
Green
 
  Flower info
  Male and female flowers are borne on different plants. Both are greenish-yellow and inconspicuous.
 
 
Leaf shape EDIT
Leaf margin
Leaf arrangement
Leaf texture Hairy
 
 
Leaf size 0150mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  The somewhat drooping leaves are divided into several (3-11) leaflets, all radiating from the same point. Each leaflet is up to 150mm long, pale green, minutely hairy, with distinctly toothed margins. Leaves alternate and palmately compound.
 
 
 
  Seed size Length: 4mm   Width: 4mm
  Seed info EDIT
  Seeds are spotted, 4 mm in diameter, smooth with netted veins.
 
 
Description EDIT
Dagga is a native of Asia but is now cultivated in many countries and is naturalized in southern Africa.

This well-known narcotic plant is an erect annual herb of up to 4m in height.
Growing EDIT
Distribution EDIT
Widely distributed in South Africa. Cultivation is illegal but the plant commonly grows as a weed along roadsides and in gardens and abandoned fields.
History EDIT
In South Africa, the plant was an early treatment for snake bite, malaria and blood poisoning. Cannabis was still included in the 1949 British Pharmaceutical Codex and tinctures and extracts have been used to a limited extent.
Uses EDIT
It is used in the treatment of glaucoma, to alleviate the nausea caused by chemotherapy and to stimulate appetite and a sense of well-being in AIDS patients.
It is also used in the treatment of asthma, depression and numerous other conditions.

The female flowering tops and associated leaves are smoked.
The dried resin produced by glands (mainly on the flowers of the female plant) is known as "hashish". This product can be smoked or eaten and has the most powerful effect.
Ecology EDIT
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References

 
  • Ben-Erik van Wyk, (2005), Medicinal Plants of South Africa ,Briza Publications  
 
 

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