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Berula erecta

   (Family: Apiaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Tandpynwortel English: Water parsnip  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Aquatic
Height: 0.3 - 1m
Special properties:
  Has Medicinal Uses
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred altitude: 0 - 8000m
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Marshy (remains wet all year around)
 
Flowering time EDIT
                       
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
White
Flower type
 
  Flower info
  Small white flowers are arranged in characteristic umbels.
 
 
Leaf margin
Leaf type
Leaf arrangement
Leaf texture Smooth
 
  Leaf scent
  Smells of parsnip or carrot when crushed
 
Leaf size 20 - 50mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  The leaves are compound, with numerous toothed leaflets. The leaves can be up to 30cm long and are a dull bluish green. There are pinnate segments of between 2cm and 5cm which vary in number between 5 to 19 pairs per leaf, the usual number is between 7 and 14 pairs per leaf. The characteristic features are a pale ring at the base of the leaf stalk.
 
 
 
  Seed info EDIT
 
 
 
Description EDIT
Herbaceous plant common in wet areas.
It is often found in mud banks along rivers, sometimes growing in shallow water.
The leaf-bearing stems are connected to each other below the ground by numerous thin, white, root-like rhizomes.
Growing EDIT
Distribution EDIT
Widely distributed in Africa, Europe, Asia and North America.
History EDIT
Uses EDIT
The rhizomes / roots are used medicinally.
As the Afrikaans common name suggests, the rhizome has been highly regarded as a remedy for toothache.
The fresh rhizome is held in the mouth or chewed.

It has also been used as a body wash to treat headaches.
Ecology EDIT
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References

 
  • Ben-Erik van Wyk, (2005), Medicinal Plants of South Africa ,Briza Publications  
 
 

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