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Hessea breviflora

   (Family: Amaryllidaceae)
Afrikaans: Sambreeltjies English: Umbrella lilies  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Bulb
Height: 0.1 - 0.2m
Special properties:
  Drought Resistant (heavy)
Rarity Status:
Preferred rainfall: Winter
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Sand (coarse texture, drains easily)
Flowering time EDIT
      x x x            
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
Flower shape
Flower type
  Flower info
  Flowers 10–55, star-shaped, 7–15 mm long, pale to deep pink, sometimes scented, stamens slightly shorter to longer than the tepals, spreading, fused into a 1.0–4.5 mm long filament tube. Formed in an umbel.
Leaf shape EDIT
Leaf margin
Leaf type
Leaf texture Smooth
Leaf size 4 - 16mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Leaves 2(3), often emerging at flowering, 4–16 mm wide, shiny green, flushed with red basally, surrounded by a prominent brownish red sheath.
Fruit type EDIT
Seed colour
  Seed info EDIT
  The thin-walled capsules, formed after flowering, hold a few fleshy, reddish brown, egg-shaped seeds in which a large, green embryo is formed.
Description EDIT
Small, deciduous bulb with two or three leaves. The bright pink flowers appear before the leaves or with the leaves emerging.
Growing EDIT
It is vital to keep the bulbs dry during the dormant summer period.
Distribution EDIT
Native to the Northwest and Southwest Cape where it grows in sandy pockets between rocks on lower slopes.
Namaqualand, Olifants River valley to Hopefield.
History EDIT
The name Hessea commemorates Christian Heinrich Friedrich Hesse (1772–1837), a Lutheran minister who came to Cape Town from Hanover and grew succulents in his garden. He was appreciated for the hospitality he extended to numerous naturalists and travellers, one being Burchell to whom he gave an assortment of seeds, mostly of bulbous plants.
Ecology EDIT
Hessea plants remain dormant over the dry summer season.
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