Cortinarius sanguineus

(Family: Cortinariaceae)
Bloodred Webcap
Cortinarius sanguineus
by: klair

Description

Blood red colour of the cap gills and stem of this distinct mushroom fully justify the common name of this mushroom, (Bloodred Webcap).The Bloodred Webcap is found mainly in coniferous woodland and particularly in dark, damp and mossy forests.

This mushroom is reported to contain anthracene compounds and is recorded as 'suspect' in many field guides; therefore it should not be gathered for eating. Some reddish Cortinarius species with which the Bloodred Webcap could be confused contain the toxin orellanine, which if eaten destroys human kidneys and liver.
On a positive side the mushroom is used in a small way in the dyeing craft industry.

Pileus (Cap) / Gill:

  • convex Shape: Convex
  • fibrous Decorations: Fibrous
  • No decurrent tooth
  • distant Gill spacing: Distant

The adnate gills are moderately spaced and blood red, turning red-brown with age.

Stem:

Similar to cap colour, becoming paler towards the base; cylindrical, but slightly swollen towards base; 30 to 80 mm long, 7 to 11mm diameter.

Habitat

Grows in woods

In coniferous woodland.

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