Amanita muscaria

(Family: Amanitaceae)
Fly agaric
Amanita muscaria
by: klair

Description

Large red mushroom with white spots.
Flesh is thick and soft, white, tinged yellow below the red skin.

For centuries it was used to attract and kill flies. The bait was prepared by adding crushed mushroom to a saucer of milk.

Pileus (Cap) / Gill:

  • flat Shape: Flat
  • wart Decorations: Wart
  • free Gill attachment: Free
  • No decurrent tooth
  • crowded Gill spacing: Crowded

Scarlet, occasionally orange or yellow, dotted with white warty scales, which may be washed off with rain. Dome shaped when young but becomes flat with a smooth margin. Gills are white, attached freely and crowded.

Stem:

  • clavate Shape: Clavate
  • bulbous Base: Bulbous
  • pendant Annulus: Pendant

8-27cm long, 10-25mm wide. White to yellowish, covered with shaggy scales. Thickens towards a bulbous base, with several ridges of warts. The white annulus is persistent and membranous.

Habitat

unknown

In forests under oak or pine trees.
Widespread thoughout South Africa during rainy seasons.

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References

  • H Levin, M Branch, S Rappoport,D Mitchell (1985), Mushrooms of South Africa, Struik
  • Margo Branch, (2001), First field guide to mushrooms of Southern Africa, Struik