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Amanita muscaria

   (Family: Amanitaceae)
Common name: Fly agaric EDIT
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Edibility: EDIT Hallucinogenic
Size: 50 - 150 mm
Dark red (lurid)
Spore bearing structure:   Gills
Spore colour:
Smell / taste: Odourless
General info: EDIT
Large red mushroom with white spots.
Flesh is thick and soft, white, tinged yellow below the red skin.

For centuries it was used to attract and kill flies. The bait was prepared by adding crushed mushroom to a saucer of milk.
Pileus (Cap) / Gill: EDIT
Pileus (Cap) shape: flat
Pileus (Cap) decorations: wart
Gill attachment: free
Gill has decurrent tooth:  
Gill spacing: crowded
  Pileus (Cap) / Gill info: EDIT
  Scarlet, occasionally orange or yellow, dotted with white warty scales, which may be washed off with rain.
Dome shaped when young but becomes flat with a smooth margin.
Gills are white, attached freely and crowded.
Stem: EDIT
Stem shape: clavate
Stem base: bulbous
Annulus: pendant
  Stem info: EDIT
  8-27cm long, 10-25mm wide.
White to yellowish, covered with shaggy scales.
Thickens towards a bulbous base, with several ridges of warts.
The white annulus is persistent and membranous.
Habitat: unknown
Habitat info: EDIT
In forests under oak or pine trees.
Widespread thoughout South Africa during rainy seasons.
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  • H Levin, M Branch, S Rappoport,D Mitchell (1985), Mushrooms of South Africa, Struik  
  • Margo Branch, (2001), First field guide to mushrooms of Southern Africa, Struik  


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